Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic condition closely related with high levels of sugar in the blood (hyperglycemia). Normally these levels are controlled by a hormone secreted by the pancreases called insulin. Insulin lowers blood glucose levels. When blood glucose is elevated for any reason, after a meal for example, insulin is released to normalize the glucose level. In patients with diabetes, there is either an absence or insufficient
production of insulin which causes hyperglycemia. Diabetes is a chronic medical condition, while it can be controlled it does in fact last a lifetime.
There are two major types of Diabetes Mellitus categorized as Type 1 and Type 2. In Type 1 diabetes patients completely lack insulin production. Thus making them insulin dependent. Solemnly relying on insulin medication for survival. Type 1 tends to occur in young, and of average weight individuals. While patients with type 2 diabetes are still able to produce insulin it isn’t sufficient enough to cope with their bodies needs. Most oftenly type 2 diabetes occurs in patients over 30 years of age, and it increases with age.
Although there has an alarming rise in the number of patients who are barely in their teens. Common risk factors are obesity, poor eating habits, higher body weight, and a lack of exercise